AskDefine | Define alba

User Contributed Dictionary

see Alba

English

Noun

  1. A type of lyrical poetry, traditionally Provençal, about lovers who must part at dawn.

Etymology

from albus.

Noun

  1. dawn
  2. the white tunic worn by priests

Noun

alba
  1. a weed
  2. an uncultivated plant

Finnish

Noun

  1. An alb; a long white gown worn in various Christian ceremonies by the priest or the parishioners, esp. in a confirmation by the people who are being confirmed.

Italian

Etymology

From albus.

Derived terms

Latin

Adjective

la-adj-form alba

Old High German

Etymology

From a Pre-Indo-European *alb-, ‘mountain’

Noun

alba
  1. alpine pasture
  2. alp

Portuguese

Etymology

From albus.

Adjective

alba (plural albas)

Derived terms

Romanian

Adjective

alba

Spanish

Adjective

alba (plural albas)

Extensive Definition

Alba is the Scottish Gaelic name () for Scotland. It is cognate to Albain in Irish Gaelic and Albey in Manx, the other Goidelic Insular Celtic language, as well as similar words in the Brythonic Insular Celtic languages of Cornish (Alban) and Welsh (Yr Alban) also meaning Scotland.
Hence also the early classical name Albion. It was used by the Gaels to refer to the island as a whole until roughly the ninth or tenth centuries, when it came to be the name given to the kingdoms of the Picts and the Scots (Pictavia and Dál Riata), north of the River Forth and the Clyde estuary, traditionally considered to have been unified by Kenneth Mac Alpin.
As time passed that kingdom incorporated others to the southern territories. It became Latinized in the High Medieval period as "Albania" (it is unclear whether it may ultimately share the same etymon as the modern Albania). This latter word was employed mainly by Celto-Latin writers, and most famously by Geoffrey of Monmouth. It was this word which passed into Middle English as Albany, although very rarely was this used for the Kingdom of Scotland, but rather for the notional Duchy of Albany. From the latter the capital of the U.S. state of New York, Albany, takes its name.
alba in French: Alba (royaume)
alba in Italian: Alba (Scozia)
alba in Dutch: Alba (koninkrijk)
alba in Japanese: アルバ王国
alba in Norwegian: Alba
alba in Swedish: Alba (förnamn)
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